• sarah slean
  • richard moore
  • nojo
  • manteca
  • madawaska string quartet
  • luis mario ochoa

Legal And Contract Protection

All About Contracts

What is the Contract Defense Fund?

This fund guarantees that musicians will receive financial assistance when an employer fails to provide payments for a properly contracted engagement.

Having a problem with an employer?
Email TMA:

About Canadian and U.S. Contract Forms

Canadian Engagement Contract Forms

  • LPCC: is for single or steady engagements. Those Canadian Locals with bylaw provisions calling for payments to the pension fund on miscellaneous and/or steady engagements should use the LPCC contract format with additional language providing for pension contributions. 
  • Radio/Television Contract: is used for live, recorded or remote radio and television broadcasts.


PLEASE NOTE that U.S. musicians should use Canadian contracts when performing in Canada and Canadian musicians should use U.S. contracts when performing in the United States. Contract forms are available from the Locals and Local officers will be happy to help you complete the forms.

U.S. Engagement Contract Forms

  • Form L-1: is for local engagements only and provides an option for the purchaser to have any claim that might arise from the contract arbitrated either by the Local Executive Board or the American Arbitration Association.
  • Form L-2: is for local engagements only and differs from L-1 in that it contains no provisions for the resolution of claims or disputes. It's recommended for use in Locals that prefer to proceed directly to court on behalf of their members by filing a suit to enforce the terms of the contract.
  • Form T-2: is for traveling engagements. It contains no provision for the resolution of claims or disputes, as the Federation now proceeds directly to court, at no expense to the traveling member(s), by filing a suit to enforce the terms of the contract.

How To Use Contracts

A signed AFM live performance contract is "peace of mind" insurance for both the purchaser and the musicians. AFM musicians are obligated to honor the contract and so is the purchaser.

AFM live performance contracts are easy to use. Simply follow the steps below:

(1) The first thing you need is the contract forms. The TMA office will be pleased to provide you with a supply of pre-printed contracts without charge. As an added convenience, you can also download the required forms on this site. The form LPCC (Live Performance Contract for Canada) is the basic contract required for all live engagements in Canada. The form LPCC-PEN is required in addition to the LPCC where the musicians wish to have the purchaser make a contribution to their AFM / EPW (Pension) fund on their behalf. (Highly recommended) The many benefits of the AFM / EPW fund are explained elsewhere on this site.

TIP: Keep a few copies of the contracts handy when you're out gigging or visiting prospective employers. Leave a copy potential employers so they can familiarize themselves with the forms. They will soon see that the contract is mutually beneficial to both signing parties.

(2) Fill out the required fields on the LPCC form. An example of the completed form is shown HERE. If you are using the downloadable forms, print three copies of the completed form.

TIP: "Part (b)" of the LPCC form is to be initialed only if you intend to also use the LPCC-PEN form.

(3) Sign all three copies of the completed LPCC contract and have the purchaser do the same. The purchaser retains one copy, the leader retains one copy and the third copy is filed with the TMA office.


(4) After the engagement is successfully completed, fill out the required fields on the LPCC-PEN form. If you are using the downloadable forms, print three copies of the completed form.

(5) Sign all three copies of the completed LPCC-PEN Participation Agreement and forward two copies to the TMA office along with a cheque or money order made payable to AFM / EPW Fund Canada for the total amount of applicable pension contributions. The TMA (or other Local having jurisdiction) will verify your information and forward your contributions to the AFM / EPW office.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Both LPCC and LPCC-PEN forms are required to be filed with the AFM Local whose jurisdiction the engagement will take place. If you plan to perform engagements outside of the TMA jurisdiction, you should download the AFM Locals List. It provides complete contact and jurisdictional details of all AFM Locals. You will find it an especially valuable resource for regional or national tours.

AFM Contracts - The Musician's Best Form of Protection

Professional musicians know there's nothing like getting paid for a gig. The American Federation of Musicians and its Locals have negotiated collective bargaining agreements with a wide variety of employers, such as the major recording companies, symphony orchestra managements, and others, to insure that musicians get paid for playing those types of jobs.

But not all gigs fall under those categories. Many performances, like those in clubs, stage shows, and for private parties, etc., are negotiated directly between the musician and the purchaser. Unfortunately, some professionals risk their wages by not filing signed contract forms--and without a contract on file with the Local where the performance is taking place, there's little your Local or the Federation can do to get you your hard-earned money in case you get stiffed. Standard AFM contract forms are easy to complete, requiring only such information as the date(s) of the engagement, the number of musicians playing the job, the name, address and telephone number of both the signatory musician and the purchaser, the type of engagement, the compensation agreed upon, and the signatures of both parties.

It's also smart to include language in the contract that determines how disputes over the terms and conditions of employment will be resolved. (Using most standard AFM contracts takes care of this for you.) This gives both you and the purchaser greater security because if for some reason the contracted engagement doesn't meet everyone's satisfaction an equitable mechanism for resolving the problem is already in place. In addition, the AFM recommends that whenever possible, members get a 50 percent, non-refundable deposit. Under current consumer law, all deposits must be returned to the purchaser in the event of a dispute, unless it has been previously stipulated that the deposit is non-refundable. Once completed and filed, the contract has the force of law and the AFM behind it. If for some reason the purchaser fails to meet the terms agreed to in the contract, the AFM or the Local will make every effort possible to pursue monies owed to its members, including taking the purchaser to court, in certain circumstances.

Download Contracts

Members can download contracts in Downloads (must be logged in or register to gain access).


Latest Tweets

Nov 28
Congratulations to @TMA149 @cfmusicians @MusiciansUnion members @DanielCaesar and @iamjanebunnett for their #GrammyNomination 's !
Oct 27
Help make it happen for Secure the future of the Sears Drama Festival! https://t.co/7hGs7Zdxak#indiegogo via @indiegogo
Oct 23
An important article for all @TMA149 @cfmusicians @MusiciansUnion members. https://t.co/SwAQ1nS7DR
Oct 18
We are devastated along with the rest of Canada to say goodbye to Gord @cfmusicians @MusiciansUnion member for life https://t.co/7Ws7XVRcUq
Oct 04
Thank-you to @NTSofCanada , but especially fellow arts union @IATSE @IATSECANADA for keeping @SearsDramaFest going ! https://t.co/HbjA8PBsfc
Sep 21
RT @CBCToronto: New Regent Park project aims to help house struggling musicians: https://t.co/MxQuKCNYSV https://t.co/vA22vABoAm
Sep 20
Opportunity knocks.TMA looking 4 a new high energy team member dedicated 2 bettering musicians working conditions https://t.co/dUbRGi6vcZ
Sep 19
7th workshop is happening today 6-9pm at Aki Studios! Come and learn about organizations who hire musicians #mymusic150 #music
Sep 16
We'll be chatting with cool musicians today about freelancing in Toronto from 1 - 4, and bring a friend!#TorontoMusicians #MyMuslc150
Sep 15
Come hang with us tomorrow at the Canadian Music Centre 1-4pm learn about music freelancing! Bring a friend.#MyMusic150 #Toronto
Sep 10
Come by Pickering Learning Centre across from Pickering Go station for today's event from 1:30 - 4:30 #MyMusic150 #Toronto
Sep 04
Happy Labour Day! Performing together and negotiating together keeps us together. https://t.co/dcVqeNZFOp
Aug 25
1. Toronto Musicians’ Association rejects the shameful messages put forth by Sheraton Caldwell Orchestra. https://t.co/KqVOtIqZ8L
Aug 18
Follow this link for video registrations :https://t.co/g4MfPj7SJx#mymusic150 #torontomusic #ontario150 #music #musicians #worldmusic
Aug 18
Reminder for MyMusic150+ participants to send in video applications by 5pm today - Takes two minutes to show us what you're all about! 😎
Aug 15
Meet the movers and shakers of your generation, discuss artistic responses to current social issues #mymusic150 #torontomusicians #music
Aug 15
Feeling the need for social change? Musicians 18-35 check out our 4th workshop tomorrow on Creating Social Change Through Music #mymusic150
Aug 10
And remember to register at on our main website. https://t.co/zZJTa5b3IG to be considered for a travel refund #MyMusic150 #Ontario150
Aug 10
If you missed the boat but want to catch the next one: August 16th 2-5pm Port Credit Library!See you on the Go Train #MyMusic150 #Music
Aug 10
Brains are still buzzing from yesterday's workshop @ City Hall. Gr8 content + great questions from our guests #MyMusic150 #TorontoMusicians
Jul 31
Never to early to mark your calendar. TMA Fall General Meeting Oct. 27@City Hall details on upcoming visit https://t.co/oxrvCJ8xRp
Jul 27
Hey! The next #MM150 #workshop will be August 9, 1-4pm @ City Hall! Invite your friends, and make new ones it's going to be a great one.
Jul 26
We're working hard confirming details for workshop 3! In the meantime, sign up to be featured in our documentaries. it's a paid! #music
Jul 26
Attn - TMA Members: Local 149 be taking to the streets Sept. 5, 2017 to march in the annual Labour Day Parade https://t.co/19izloDMZo
Jul 25
Visit https://t.co/XGsPvVW7bB for more info on how to be reimbursed for your travel to MyMusic150 #canada150 #mymusic150 #torontomusicians
Jul 25
Did you know we help with travel? More information here https://t.co/jjXOEABoqt#mymusic150 #canada150https://t.co/mu68fhVidu
Jul 25
Toronto, ON - New Musicians Local Tariff of Fees set to take effect September 5, 2017. For further details visit: https://t.co/SfZzWmonpv
Jul 19
Registration is still open for MyMusic150+ Only 6 workshops left! Check the website for updates https://t.co/zZJTa5b3IG#torontomusicians
Jul 11
Why did the student throw books at the librarian? - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Because he wanted to facebook him #MyMusic150
Jul 11
Why did the librarian slip and fall in the library? - - Because she strayed into the non friction section @torontolibrary
Jul 11
In its honor we have some Tuesday entertainment coming your way - ready to laugh or sigh #Canada150 #MyMusic150 #Music #TorontoMusicians
Jul 11
We're on a library theme this week for our 2nd workshop at Northern District Library @torontolibrary @canada150 @MyMusic150#TorontoMusic
Jul 10
Paid video opportunity! for musicians 18-35 link here: https://t.co/g4MfPjpu87#music #canada150 #torontomusicians
Jul 10
Happy Monday, it's the music funding workshop week! This Wednesday 1-4pm. We're almost halfway through July!#Canada150 #TorontoMusic
Jul 06
Our second workshop will feature guests from Canada’s top funding organizations! Come meet them at our 2nd workshop on July 12 #MyMusic150
Jul 06
Register and find out more info about MyMusic150 on our main website https://t.co/al2jc0o3UV#MyMusic150 #Canada150 #Music #TorontoMusicians
Jul 06
Funding is the best part of a project! Learn where to apply for it at our second workshop on Wednesday, July 12th #Canada150 #MyMusic150
Jul 05
Head to https://t.co/ZG8LdCQnpx to apply for a role in our mini-doc. Musicians are paid pretty excited to put you on film #MyMusic150
Jul 05
It was great hearing from everyone at last week's event, g8 questions, and comments! Huge thanks to the speakers #MyMusic150 #Canada150
Jul 01
Happy Canada Day ! https://t.co/xtp09zQuTf
Jun 29
Hot drinks and great company today at 2! Our first MyMusic150+ workshop at The CSI, Annex #MyMusic150 #TorontoMusicians #Canada150